Психология взаимоотношений

Психология взаимоотношений мужчины и женщины


Sexing the Body

Gender Systems: Toward a The ory of Human Sexuality

i. Sterling 1934, 1933. A number of scholars took the time to read and critique an earlier draft of this chapter. They of course bear no responsibility for its final condition, but they do deserve my heartfelt thanks: Liz Grosz, John Modell, Cynthia Garcia-Coll, Robert Perlman, Lundy Braun, Peter Tay­lor, Roger Smith, and Susan Oyama. […]

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The Rodent’s Tale

1. Milton Diamond, Elizabeth Adkins-Regan, William Byne, Donald Dewesbury, Marc Breedlove, and, indirectly, Kim Wallen—all of whom study the role of hormones in behavior and/or study the comparative psychol­ogy of animals—took time to comment on an earlier draft of this chapter. Their critiques were generous and of enormous help. I am very grateful for their […]

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(Gender Becomes Chemical)

1. Parkes i966,p. 72; quoted in idem, 1966, p. xx. 2. Corner 1965. 3. Quoted in Hall 1976, p. 83, 84. The discussion in this paragraph is based on Hall’s article. Physicians dealt with ‘‘a myriad of complaints and abnormalities that defied classification as failures or over-activity of the go­nadal chemical messengers’’ (p. 83). 4. […]

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Chapter 6: Sex Glands, Hormones, and Gender Chemistry

1. De Kruif 1945, pp. 225—26. De Kruif received his Ph. D. from the Uni­versity of Michigan in 1916. Until the early 1920s he taught and practiced science in a university setting. His first book, Our Medicine Men, apparently got him fired from the Rockefeller Institute and he thereafter devoted himself to science writing. He […]

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How Biologists Make a Difference

1. For a general discussion of the problems of visibility and observation in science, see Hacking 1983. 2. Arguments about body structure are not new. In the nineteenth cen­tury some well-known biologists poured lead shot into empty skulls and then held forth on which group of people (males or females, blacks or whites) had larger […]

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Chapter 3: Of Gender and Genitals: The Use and Abuse of the Modern Intersexual [6]

gency.’’ The following are typical quotes from medical articles on intersexual­ity: ‘‘Ambiguous sex in the newborn infant is a medical emergency’’ (New and Levine 1981 ,p. 61); ‘‘Although it is now well-accepted that ambiguity of the genitalia is a medical emergency, this was not the case a decade ago’’ (Lobe, etal. 1987, p. 651); ‘‘Gender […]

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Chapter 2: «That Sexe Which Prevaileth’’

1. Quoted in Epstein 1990. Epstein and Janet Golden found the Suydam story and made it available to other scholars. 2. A fact-checker for The Sciences called Suydam’s town in Connecticut to verify the story. The town official asked to keep the family name quiet, appar­ently because relatives still live in the area and the […]

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Chapter 1: Dueling Dualisms

1. Hanley 1983. 2. My description of these events is based on the following reports: de la Chapelle 1986; Simpson 1986; Carlson 1991; Anderson 1992; Grady 1992; Le Fanu 1992; Vines 1992; Wavell and Alderson 1992. 3. Quoted in Carlson 1991 p. 27. 4. Ibid. The technical name for Patino’s condition is Androgen Insensitivity Syn­drome. […]

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Russian Dolls

Is there some easy way to envision the double-sided process that connects the production of gendered knowledge about the body on the one surface to the materialization of gender within the body on the other?90 While no metaphor is perfect, Russian nesting dolls have always fascinated me. As I take apart each outer doll, I […]

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FROM INDIVIDUALS TO INSTITUTIONS AND BACK AGAIN

By the time children become accomplished members of the grade and middle school social scenes, they know that they are either a boy or a girl, and they expect to remain so. How do gender-aware children ‘‘do gender’’? In her im­portant study, Gender Play: Girls and Boys in School, the sociologist Barrie Thorne builds an […]

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